Measure distance with VL53L0X using Arduino


In this tutorial, we learn How to make Measure distance with VL53L0X using Arduino, Distance measurement is a critical component in many electronic devices and systems, ranging from robots to cars. The Time of Flight (ToF) sensor is a wide-use technology for distance measurement, which uses a laser or an infrared light source to send a signal and then measures the time it takes for the signal to bounce back.

The VL53L0X is a ToF sensor that is used to replace ultrasonic sensors in distance measurement. In this tutorial, we will learn how to use VL53L0X with an Arduino board to measure the distance accurately.

Hardware Required

You will require the following Hardware Components for the Measure distance with VL53L0X using Arduino.

Components#Buy From Amazon
Arduino Nano1Buy Now
VL53L0X Distance Sensor1Buy Now
Jumper Wires4Buy Now
Breadboard1Buy Now

What is VL53L0X Multi Sensor?

The VL53L0X Multi-Sensor is a module that integrates the VL53L0X ToF sensor with a microcontroller, power management unit, and communication interface. The module provides accurate distance measurements, ambient light sensing, and programmable interrupt output.



Pin Configuration

Pin NamePin Type
VCCIt is the voltage supply pin.
GNDIt is Ground Pin
SCLIt is the digital serial clock input pin.
SDAIt is a serial data digital input/output pin for communication.
GPIO1It is the programmable interrupt output pin.
XSHUTIt is an active-low shutdown input pin.


  1. Operating voltage: 2.8V to 5V
  2. Range: up to 2 meters
  3. Accuracy: ±3%
  4. Measurement rate: up to 60Hz
  5. Ambient light sensing range: 0.1 to 100,000 lux
  6. Communication interface: I2C


  1. Integrated laser emitter and detector
  2. Low power consumption
  3. Small form factor
  4. Interrupt output for range detection and ambient light sensing
  5. Programmable I2C address

Circuit Diagram

The following circuit shows you the connection of the Measure distance with VL53L0X using Arduino Please make the connection carefully


Working Explanation

Working: The VL53L0X sensor works by emitting a laser beam that bounces off an object and returns to the sensor. The time it takes for the laser to return is measured, and the distance is calculated based on the speed of light. The sensor uses a microcontroller to manage the timing of the laser pulses and to read the sensor data. The sensor also includes a lens that focuses the laser beam, allowing for more accurate measurements.

To use the VL53L0X sensor with an Arduino board, we need to install the necessary library and connect the sensor to the board. Once the connections are made, we can use the Arduino code to read the sensor data and calculate the distance. The code will initialize the sensor, start the measurement, and read the measurement data. Then, the code will calculate the distance and display it on the serial monitor.

Installing Arduino IDE Software

First, you will require to Download the updated version of Arduino IDE Software and Install it on your PC or laptop. if you Learn How to install the Arduino step-by-step guide then click on how to install Arduino Button given Blow

Installing Libraries

Now when you are Ready to upload the code, to the Arduino Board you will need first to add the Following Libraries in Arduino, If you Learn How to add the library in the Arduino step-by-step guide click on how to install the library Button given Blow


//For more Projects:

#include <Wire.h>

#include <VL53L0X.h>

VL53L0X sensor;

void setup()






// Start continuous back-to-back mode (take readings as

// fast as possible). To use continuous timed mode

// instead, provide a desired inter-measurement period in

// ms (e.g. sensor.startContinuous(100)).



void loop()



if (sensor.timeoutOccurred()) { Serial.print(” TIMEOUT”); }




The VL53L0X sensor using in various applications that require accurate distance measurement.

  1. Robotics: The VL53L0X sensor is ideal for robotics applications where accurate distance measurement is required. It is used in obstacle avoidance, autonomous navigation, and other related tasks.
  2. Industrial Automation: The use of this sensor in various industrial automation applications such as material handling, assembly lines, and quality control systems. which use for precise positioning and measurement tasks.
  3. Security and Surveillance: use in security and surveillance systems to detect and track intruders. and also use to trigger alarms or activate other security measures.
  4. Automotive: The VL53L0X sensor uses in automotive applications such as parking assist, collision avoidance, and other related tasks. It uses to provide accurate distance measurements to the driver.
  5. Drones: The sensor can be used in drones for obstacle avoidance and other navigation tasks. It can help drones to fly autonomously and avoid obstacles.
  6. Smart Home: The sensor uses in smart home applications for motion detection and occupancy sensing. It can help to turn on and off lights and other home appliances based on the presence of people.
  7. Virtual Reality: The sensor uses in virtual reality systems to track the movement of objects and people. It can help to create a more immersive and interactive virtual environment.
  8. Medical: The sensor can be used in medical applications such as non-invasive blood glucose monitoring and other related tasks. It can help to measure the distance between the skin and the underlying tissue.


In conclusion, the VL53L0X sensor is a highly accurate and reliable ToF sensor that can be used for distance measurement. It offers many advantages over ultrasonic sensors, including smaller size and immunity to multi-reflection. With its versatility and accuracy, it can be used in various applications and industries. By following this tutorial, you can easily learn how to use the VL53L0X sensor with an Arduino board and integrate it into your projects.

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